Thursday, October 14, 2010

Reconstructing the philosophy of education in the light of Islam.

Reconstructing the  philosophy of education in the light of Islam.

It’s already a week after the last paper that we took for our final semester exam. Eventhough days had passed by but still one can still sense the joy and gladness that cover the whole atmosphere of KYUEM. I can still recollect the moment when some of my friends suddenly screaming of joy once the IELTS exam on Friday was over. “What a day” he must think.But somehow this mere reactions triggered me a thought on why such things happened.Is it stressful to stare at the books for two or three hours??Why should we feel stressful and study only when the exam was just around the corner? One had said to me that our education system is ‘exam-oriented’ and obtaining excellent result is the grand purpose in the study.I personally believed this belief had entirely altered our mindset and stagnating the growth our intellectual ability in understanding the nature, and perhaps this discourse will mainly justifying my claim.

In surah Ali Imran, chapter 3:190-191, God had mentioned “Behold! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day,- there are indeed Signs for men of understanding (uhlul albab). Men who celebrate the praises of Allah, standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and contemplate the (wonders of) creation in the heavens and the earth, (With the thought): "Our Lord! not for naught Hast Thou created (all) this! Glory to Thee! Give us salvation from the penalty of the Fire.”. This verses was using the term uhlul albab,indicating to those whose make sense of their intellectual to study on the creation of the Almighty for the good of mankind and also to strengthen their iman.As for this case, this verse clearly conveyed the message for the Muslims to gained the knowledge of the world, and even motivates the prior scientist in the Golden Ages of Islam to study the nature.Ibn kathir commented on this verse in the following words; “Some of the Muslims scholars opined that whoever study closely about the broad sky that was filled with stars, moon and the sun that was moving through their system ceaselessly, then observed the sea that surrounded the land......will gained evidences about the existence of god(strengthen their iman),The Greatest Creator, the most Powerful and the Wisest.”(Tafisr al Quran al azim).Even at the early period of Islam, this notion had well known by the Muslims but the reality nowadays depicted critical problems where most of the Muslims had neglected the passion towards knowledge. You may ask anybody regarding these issues and believed me, only a small number of them had set up their intention to study only for the sake of the knowledge and to embrace a better understanding of the nature and its link to the Greatness of God.

One should also flash back to the years of the Abbasid age where the Islamic civilisation was at its pinnacles and becoming the focal point of intellectual gatherings. During that period of time most of the foundations on a core part of scientific and philosophical notions were under the handworks of the Muslims scholar. The great modern Muslims scholar, maulana Iqbal in his masterpice, the Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, did observed: “It was Ishraqi and ibn-taimiyya who undertook a systematic refutation of Greek logic. Abu Bakar Razi was the first to criticize Aristotle’s first figure...Ibn hazam,in his Scope of Logic, emphasizes sense perception as a source of knowledge; and ibn taimiyya,in his refutation of logic, shows that induction is the only form of reliable argument. Those arose the method of observation and experiment” and Iqbal further criticize some claim that says the scientific method enunciated from the westerners scholar, Roger Bacon: “It is a mistake to suppose that the experimental method is European discovery.....and where did Roger Bacon receive his scientific training? in the Muslims universities in Spain. Indeed part of his ‘Opus Majus’that is devoted to ‘perspective’ is practically a copy of Ibn Haitham optics” .It was later then this claim was slowly accepted by the westerners like Bertrand Russell, and Brian Stock. They are the one who publicised the fact that Islamic civilisation is indeed outweigh the ‘civilisation’ of the western world. Now coming to the real question is how these prodigious achievements had been made? The sole answers only inferring to the mind set of the entire Muslims scientist in that age which studied passionately not for the desire to pass any test, but to satisfy the thirst for colours of knowledge. No priceless treatises that one can made without putting a cup of love towards what the knowledge may say

So what I am calling for is a shift in our view and niat from mainly focussing on obtaining A* in every subjects to a  broad structure of thinking which connected the study that we conducted daily in our class with the intense passion towards the knowledge and to solidified our iman.Muslims world now had no longer had the taste of the influential public figure like ibn sinna,ibn Rushd,Al-Ghazallie,al –Khawarizmi and some more great names that had mastered varies field of knowledge and recognised by the whole world.Maybe,and hopefully our generation that lived in our globalised world may offered the same legacy with a list of a catalogue of icons that give rebirth to the new era of the Golden Age again.Insyallah.

p/s-really need to make it short for quite a certain reason....